Epidemiological Assessment of ovarian cancer in some northern Iraqi provinces
Introduction: Ovarian cancer is the third most common malignancy and the second most common cause of cancer death worldwide among gynecologic cancers.
Materials & Methods: The study was a retrospective, during one-year period, from (January 2013 to December 2013). A total of 106 cases of ovarian cancer were included and collected from Hospital and Private histopathology laboratories in Sulaimaniyah, Erbil and Kirkuk. Patient age was ranged between (5 months-80 years).Patients were distributed into many age groups. The mean age was 46 years. This study aimed to find out the cases of ovarian cancer in the above provinces, and to identify a number of factors associated with increased the incidence including age, marital status, socioeconomic status, family history of cancer.
Results: The results showed the highest age group ratio with ovarian cancer were within the age group (45 – 59) years old with percentage of 38 % which was the per menopause and postmenopausal age and hormonal disorders. According age groups the data showed significant differences under level of significance (p<0.05 ).Twenty-five patients (24%) have family history of malignant disease. The majority of the cases were married 86 cases (81%). 66 cases (77%) have history of pregnancy (have one or more children), and 20 cases were nulliparous. Most patients 58(55%) were of medium socio-economic status