Estimation of Endothelin-1 and Vitamin D Levels in Patients with Some Renal disease
Chronic renal disease is a worldwide public health problem with an increasing incidence, prevalence, poor outcomes, and high cost. A cross-sectional study was carried out in balad city from 10th of November 2018 to 15th of March 2019. The number of patients under study were 60 patients with renal disease (30 acute renal disease and 30 chronic renal disease under hemodialysis). Their ages were between (20-75) years. Patients with acute renal disease were admitted to Balad general hospital and patients with chronic renal disease who admitted to Salahaddin general hospital for hemodialysis. The study included 30 apparently healthy subject as control group. The results showed that the highest mean level of endothelin-1 was found in patients with chronic renal disease (13.15±7.81)pg/ml followed by patients with acute renal disease (1.78±1.49) pg/ml compared with the control group (0.41±0.31) pg/ml. These result were significant higher (P< 0.01). The results showed that the lowest mean level of vitamin D was found in patients with chronic renal disease (14.45±5.92) ng/ml followed by patients with acute renal disease (23.49±13.14) ng/ml compared with the control group (24.02 ±8.22) ng/ml. The results were significant higher than control (P≤0.01). The study showed that patients with acute renal disease were distributed equally to male and female (1:1) while 56.67% of patients with chronic renal disease were males. The conclute from this study that the endothelin elevated in chronic renal disease patients and vitamin D was reduced.